Integration & Optimization of Unit Operations Table of Contents

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INTEGRATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF UNIT OPERATIONS

  1. Introduction
  1. Lab-Scale Operations
    1. Reactors 
      1. 2.1.1.Agitators
    2. Process
      1. 2.2.1.Crystallization
      2. 2.2.2.Precipitation and Evaporation 
      3. 2.2.3.Extraction
      4. 2.2.4.Fractionation 
      5. 2.2.5.Distillation
      6. 2.2.6.Fermentation
    3. Solid-Liquid Separation
      1. 2.3.1.Filtration
      2. 2.3.2.Centrifugation
    4. Dryers
    5. Pumps
    6. Analyzers
    7. Safety and Hazards
    8. Lab-Scale Issues, Decisions and Trade-offs Impacting Pilot Plant and Production Operations 
  1. Pilot Plant Operations
    1. Reactors
      1. 3.1.1.Batch 
      2. 3.1.2.Continuous 
      3. 3.1.3.Agitators
    2. Process
      1. 3.2.1.Crystallization
      2. 3.2.2.Precipitation and Evaporation 
      3. 3.2.3.Extraction 
      4. 3.2.4.Fractionation 
      5. 3.2.5.Distillation
      6. 3.2.6.Fermentation
    3. Pumps, Tanks and Fluid Flows
    4. Vacuum Pumps, Compressors, Ejectors and Blowers
    5. Solid-Liquid Separation
      1. 3.5.1.Filtration
      2. 3.5.2.Centrifugation
    6. Dryers
      1. 3.6.1.Indirect
      2. 3.6.2.Direct
  1. Solids Handling
    1. 3.7.1.Mixing
    2. 3.7.2.Conveying
    3. 3.7.3.Bagging-Packout
  2. Solvents, Waste and By-Products Handling and Recovery 
  3. Automation, Data Collection and Instrumentation
  4. 3.10.Safety and Hazards
  5. 3.11.Pilot Plant Sizing, Issues, Decisions and Trade-offs Impacting Production Operations 
  1. Production Operations
    1. Reactors
      1. 4.1.1.Batch 
      2. 4.1.2.Continuous 
      3. 4.1.3.Agitators
    2. Process
      1. 4.2.1.Crystallization
      2.  
      3. 4.2.3.Extraction
      4. 4.2.4.Fractionation 
      5. 4.2.5.Distillation
      6. 4.2.6.Fermentation
    3. Pumps, Tanks and Fluid Flows
    4. Vacuum Pumps, Compressors, Ejectors and Blowers
    5. Solid-Liquid Separation
      1. 4.5.1.Filtration 
      2. 4.5.2.Centrifugation
    6. Dryers
      1. 4.6.1.Indirect
      2. 4.6.2.Direct
    7. Solids Handling
      1. 4.7.1.Mixing
      2. 4.7.2.Conveying
      3. 4.7.3.Bagging-Packout
    8. Solvents, Waste and By-Products Handling and Recovery 
    9. Automation (Controls, Integration, IoT)
    10. 4.10.Installation and Maintainability
    11. 4.11.Start-up and Commissioning Procedures 
  1. Putting It All Together with Practical Knowledge
    1. Life Cycle and Techno-Economic Analysis
    2. Chemical 
    3. Pharmaceutical 
    4. Biomass Extraction 
    5. Common Challenges 
    6. Process Troubleshooting and Questions to Ask
  1. Decommissioning
    1. Pre-shutdown testing
    2. Solids & Fluids Removal
    3. Tanks & Vessels
    4. Equipment Preservation
    5. Documentation
  1. Conclusions
  1. References & Further Reading