Filtration experts, over the years, have discussed combination filtration and debated its definition.
- In the realm of cartridge filtration, simply defined, a combination filter is one that does at least one other processing job at the same time as filtering a suspension. For example, this could be carbon canister which removes both suspended and dissolved components.
- In water applications, a combination filter removes bacteria, sediment, chlorine taste and odor, and scale.
- In lubrication oil filtration, combination filtration refers to full-flow and by-pass flow filtration.
- For small scale process filtration, combination filtration is installing bag and cartridge filtration systems in series.
There is, however, a new definition of combination filtration that transcends the standard approach and will assist process engineers with trouble shooting and idea-generation. The approach relies upon the slurry analysis and testing to uncover the “process symptom” and then develop a process solution called “combination mechanical slurry conditioning and filtration.”
Filtration Technology in Combination
There are, without doubt, many technologies already existing in the marketplace that can be applied in combination, including the use of chemicals such as flocculants and coagulants. However, from a practical viewpoint, let me review general operating conditions at chemical plants and illustrate creative idea-generation when examining a process problem.
In this first case, we have a high solids slurry with a wide particle size distribution. What should you do? My idea is to provide filtration for the slurry with a continuous technology and let the fines bleed through; capture theses fines with clarification. Yes, more filtration but a much more reliable system.
This new definition of combination filtration will provide process engineers a framework for idea generation when analyzing an operating bottleneck. Complete my application data sheets for new and existing application data for filtration for solid-liquid separation. Let us start the process.